We can find them in forests halfway above sea level and they stand out with their vibrant colors.
The genus Camellia includes from 100 to 250 species native to tropical and subtropical regions of Southeast Asia, Japan and China. came to Europe at the hands of the Jesuitsas its name comes from the Jesuit Father Camellus, who lived in the 17th century.
We can find them in forests halfway above sea level. It is one of the most famous and popular shrubs during the spring and winter seasons. Its bright flowers, elegant appearance and green foliage stand out. attracts attention and is one of the plants chosen to decorate gardens throughout the year. Below you will learn all about camellias, types, characteristics, care and much more:
Types of camellias
As we have already said, there are many native species of this plant, but among its diversity, two specific species can be distinguished, which are most common in home gardens and orchards:
- Camellia japonica: This type of camellia blooms in winter or early spring. It is characterized there are flowers and big leaves. These are the most common and used types that we can find in homes.
- Sasanqua Camellia: Its leaves are darker and smaller than the previous ones, as are the flowers, which are also smaller in size and usually bloom in the fall. They are characterized by being resistant to disease as well as drought, and also very resilient.
If you decide to plant more than one species in your garden, you can be sure that they will have different colors depending on the season. This It will be the envy of all your guests because they will be able to enjoy its beauty in the afternoon outdoors. while you have a drink and catch up. Well, don’t forget that its leaves can also be used to make drinks. In addition, some of its varieties can be used as garden borders and hedges, and they can even be grown as bonsai.
Characteristics of camellias
When the first snow falls, it’s best time to find these flowers. And there are many cultivated varieties of camellia and hybrids, as well as many other shrubs. The characteristic features of this plant are:
- Its foliage is full of dark and shiny leaves in a very beautiful green tone. with a lighter underside which gives the plant structure, balance and height completely suitable for the garden. These are dense oval leaves with jagged edges ending in a point.
- The simplest ones have a corolla with five petals. and many stamens in groups.
- Double and semi-double petals have much more.more closed and can resemble peonies and roses.
- They grow slowlyabout a foot per year
- Camellia size depends on the variety questionable though They can reach a height of 2 to 4 meters.. The width is usually between 1 and 2 meters.
- Its form is usually a dense, upright shrub whose shape may be pyramidal, round or small.
- As for its flowers, They are usually similar in size to roses., although they come in a wide variety of sizes, shapes and colors. Despite this, The most common colors are usually red, yellow, white and pink.. Its flowers can be double, semi-double and summer, up to 12 centimeters wide.
- Camellias can often be thought of as anchoring plants.
- They spread easily softwood stakesair layering or grafts.
- This plant is a symbol of longevity, good luck, happiness…
- To ensure the success of camellias, Add special fertilizer for this type of plant to the irrigation water.. This will have to be done once in the spring and once in the fall.
To ensure that these long-lived trees and shrubs, whose flowers and bright green foliage last year-round, grow properly, you need to provide them with proper pruning, growing conditions, good garden hygiene and fertilization.
The first step to keeping them looking beautiful in your garden is to keep a close eye on their bloom times. Choose those plants that have different flowering schedules so that you can enjoy these plants for as long as possible.. Be careful to protect them from strong winds, whether the wind is cold or hot, because if they are tall plants, they may need support from stakes to keep the wind from blowing them around.
The difficulty that camellia faces when growing it indoors is that it does not tolerate being in a closed, heated place, so it is necessary maintain ambient humidity above 60% and temperature 5-12°C..
Light is essential to ensure the success of your treatment, but you must be careful not to let the sun’s rays shine directly on it. It is also important to pinch the tips of the branches to give them vitality and energy. Place it in the shade, keeping it protected from the sun and summer heat at all times and making sure the soil never dries out..
Likewise, you will have to feed carefully with a balanced fertilizer After flowering, apply it in wide circles around the plant’s drip line. Placing it only around the trunk is a very common mistake. Also, use fertilizers in moderation as they do not require much additional nutrients.
On the other hand, we must ensure that they are constantly watered, which does not mean that they get wet. For this, Increase watering during flowering to ensure full blooms.. Don’t forget to remove dry and weak branches. For best results, you can use a special canning mixture for camellias or azaleas.
It is most recommended to water constantly in the summer, and watering in winter will be more moderate. During the three months of flowering, it needs to receive very little water. so that their peduncles support the weight of the flower bud and so that they form strong. Good drainage and the use of warm water, preferably rain or mineral water as it is lime-free, are key to getting the job done correctly.
It must be taken into account that pruning of the Japanese species should be carried out after spring flowering. For our part, pruning Camellia Sasanqua should be done in early springthat is, before its flowers are formed.
Pests or diseases
Leaf loss is not very excessive because it is just the oldest leaves fall off. However, the risk remains when many dead, stained or yellowed leaves fall, as this may be a sign of disease.
You also need to be careful about insect pests that interfere with the normal development of the camellia.. To avoid this, always try to look under the leaves to combat spider mites and scale insects. If you notice any of these on your plant, spray it with insecticidal soap or alcohol.
This type of shrub can also develop fungi such as petal spot. To prevent this, it is recommended to use a rake and get rid of both fallen petals and flowers. Also The fungus pestalozzia guepini can appear when many raised spots appear on its leaves.. Get rid of these leaves and apply a fungicide.
On the other hand, check the soil and if you see that the veins of the leaves are starting to turn yellowish, this means that it may be Soil pH may be too high. Check the area and take necessary measures to put an end to this problem. You can contact a specialist who will help you and advise you on any questions you may have.
Finally, There may also be small bumps on the leaves because camellias have rust.. To get rid of it, spray with a special fungicide, which can be bought in specialized stores.
How to plant camellia
To properly plant this type of shrub, The first step is to dig a hole twice as deep and as wide as the base of the root.. However, smaller varieties can be grown in containers without problems.
After this, fill the bottom of the hole with compound and remove it. After, Remove the plant from the container it is in and place it in the center.. Gently tilt the soil around the edges of the exposed root to fill in around the plant. Do not cover the root balls. Finally, add water right at planting time.
Remember that camellias need to be planted a little high, meaning the top of the root ball should be level with the surface of the soil. Never plant them under shade trees with poor root systems as their roots are shallow. They are best grown in the shade of tall, pine-like rooted trees.