It is important that you clearly distinguish how science differs from ecology and the opportunity to practice it: protecting the environment.
There is more and more talk and debate about climate change, and although there are politicians like Donald Trump who refuse to acknowledge the existence of climate change, that does not make it any less real. Several years ago, scientists and experts in this field warned the population that we still have time to stop climate change and its consequences, however, since we have remained deaf to this demand, experts have already declared that climate change is inevitable but nevertheless we have time to postpone it.
Thanks to activists like Greta Thunberg and celebrities like Leonardo DiCaprio fighting to stop climate change, people we become more aware for this reason, which means that in various studies carried out on a global scale, climate change is fixed as a major issue of concern to citizens.
This is why, in the face of this climate emergency, we must not confuse two different but complementary disciplines that are key to addressing the environmental challenges we currently face. ecology and environmentalism. We have heard environmentalists talk about the climate crisis many times in the media, but we have listened to very few environmentalists, so in today’s article we will see how the two disciplines are similar and how they are different.
Ecology and environmentalism
Ecology is the science that studies ecosystems, that is, all the species and the environment in which they live, and how they interact with each other and with their habitat. However, environmentalism is a socio-political movement that cares about nature conservation, species and environment. Ecologists are shedding this political and activist label to focus on the more scientific field that surrounds them. We can say that they are similar to mathematicians, physicists or medicine, but they study the environment.
For the environment to exist We need science that studies how our planet works. Right now, with everything that comes with it: animals, plants and ecosystems in general, this science is nothing less than ecology. One could say that protecting the environment is more of a political choice. which is based on knowledge of sociology, anthropology, political science, economics and, mainly, ecology. Similarly, ecology is a science that combines mathematics, physics, biology, chemistry and other fields of science and technology.
Ecology’s contribution to environmental protection
Ecology allows us to answer many questions that ecologists have to solve. be able to implement policies that can help protect the environment. Some of these issues relate to the role that ecosystems play in the social well-being of populations, which justifies the need for their conservation. Moreover, this science also studies how it can help in the conservation of endangered species, what are their major threats, how can it stop the huge loss of global biodiversity that is gradually destroying the fauna of the planet.
Likewise, this science also studies and quantifies the value, monetary or not, of a well-preserved ecosystem and therefore allows us to know how much people lose as a result of its destruction. For example, if the planet’s vegetation is properly preserved, we will be able stop the onset of droughts, mitigate floods, protect soil from erosion and it is also an important sink for atmospheric carbon, since plants are known to be able to convert CO2 into oxygen.
Despite all this, the work of ecology is important so that ecologists can learn more about all the aspects that this science studies, and thus they can propose measures that will help preserve the habitat of the speciesand, ultimately, our planet.
The contribution of environmentalism to ecology
This is a great moment for the environment, and young people and teenagers from all over the world are mobilizing to raise awareness about the great climate crisis we are experiencing. As we mentioned earlier, from Greta Thunberg to thousands of young people took to the streets to protest and that they even carried out and carry out educational strikes, many stopped to listen to what these, perhaps, environmentalists of tomorrow had to say.
These people have extensive knowledge of environmental sciences, especially those related to territory and species. They may be amateurs or even experts in this field, but what is really good about them is that they have knowledge about ecology, and that is why they participate in citizen awareness activities which are increasingly spreading among the scientific community and society.
Environmentalists often They are excellent communicatorsthis is mainly due to their young age and the fact that they have grown up with the development of the Internet and technology, which leads to the knowledge about ecology and environmentalists being spread throughout the world through the message these young people send about environmental awareness from various platforms. .
Environmentalists don’t typically use these platforms to send this message, but with the help of environmentalists, more and more people Are you interested in ecology? and to protect nature, which is what this science ultimately achieves.
It is vital that work in these two areas, ecology and environmental protection, is known, recognized and encouraged because The union of both can achieve what they are fighting for. ecology and environmentalism, which is ultimately the survival of species, their habitats and, in short, our planet.