Growing Peach Tree – Bekia Hogar

This fruit tree is one of the most common in Spain, although outside these borders the largest producer is China.

The peach tree is one of the most common fruit trees in the Iberian Peninsula, but in other places in the world it produces much more, e.g. in China, which is the first manufacturer, Italy or USA. This tree belongs to the Rosaceae family and can reach seven meters in height. And just as happens with a plum or an almond tree, in the spring it several beautiful flowers until late autumn in pink tones, which give it even more beauty.

The color of peach is reminiscent of cherry or almond tree.The color of peach is reminiscent of cherry or almond tree.

Fruit

Its fruit, the peach or peach, is considered a drupe, like plums or cherries. It is a large fruit with a velvety skin and a single seed inside the shell, known as a pit. There is also variety without the velvety skin called nectarine, pavia or pelon and another flattened variety called paraguay or paraguayo in Spain. There are many types of peaches, although in essence they are very similar.

White peach flesh

This variety includes the European type and the American type. The European type has a slightly reddish color and its background is greenish-white. American-type varieties are very attractive and have a rich pink color throughout almost the entire fruit, and these are the varieties Alexandra, Spring White, Starlight, Maravilla and Tropic Snow.

Yellow peach

The pulp comes off completely made of bone. The varieties that stand out are Springcrest, Flordastar, Queencrest, Maycrest, Spring Lady, Spring Belle, Rich Lady and Rich May.

There are many types of peachThere are many types of peach

Pavia peach

Its pulp is hard or semi-hard. It is much more strongly attached to the bone.. Among them are Andross, Catherine, Everts, Suni, Tirrenia, Ionia, Babygold and Sudanell.

Peach tree diseases

The peach tree easily suffers from various pests and diseases. Insects, especially aphids, are the most common. Also mealybugs such as white spotted moth. or butterfly drillers wood can damage that tree and cause many problems. The Mediterranean fly can attack fruits and eat away at the tree itself.

There are plant viruses, such as sharka, and these trees can be affected by fungi, the most common. of which Taphrina deformanscorina, moniliosis, stone carcinoma, white disease, parasitic lead disease, etc.

Where can a peach tree grow?

This type of fruit tree adapts to a variety of soil conditions, although it has preferences and is best planted in deep soils. fresh and well drained. If roots become over-watered, root suffocation can occur. Iron chlorosis occurs if the limestone content is very high, and the peach tree is usually very sensitive in this regard.

Make sure it has water and fertilizer.Make sure it has water and fertilizer.

Climatic needs of the peach tree

Places where it usually grows this is a fruit tree These are temperate zones because it is native to China and was gradually introduced throughout Europe through Persia. The truth is that it is not very resistant to extreme cold and sub-zero temperatures, which can be detrimental to its development, but it can withstand temperatures of around 5°C. Of course, this tree needs to be exposed to sunlight, so don’t place it in a shaded area. Of course, you need to be careful with excessive sun exposure of trunks and branches.

Water and fertilizers

They must receive a constant supply of water, and this dose must be increased before harvesting. The tastiest fruits are produced if the trees are watered throughout the season and can be used for drip irrigation as it is effective. In addition, they need a lot of nutrients. because they need more nitrogen than most fruit trees. You can try mineral-type fertilizers that meet specifications, or choose environmentally friendly ones.

Try to keep your tree healthyTry to keep your tree healthy

Fruit thinning

This action affects the final size of the fruit and is usually done manually. Size is established as a factor to be excluded, so if the developing fetus is slightly larger than another adjacent fetus, the smallest one is excluded.

Trimming

There are two pruning systems:

  • In glass: It is a low-growing system consisting of a short trunk and a variable number of branches, usually three or four, arranged radially and without any external mechanical support, so the tree has a freer and more natural disposition.
  • In palmette: The goal is for the torso to be between 50 and 80 cm. and another top floor with branches on the sides. In the spaces of the main trunk between the floors there will also be formations that will bear fruit.

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