Marigolds: types, characteristics and care

This plant is one of the most valuable in gardening because it does not require special care, and its spectacular and colorful flowers last almost all year round.

Calendula is one of the most valuable plants in horticulture, where it is also known as Buttercup or Marigold. Its scientific name is Calendula officinalis, and this plant belongs to the same family as chrysanthemums or daisies. Most specimens found today come from the Mediterranean and Asia, but This is a flower native to Egypt., so he is used to a fairly warm climate and exposure to direct sunlight. Because this plant has been cultivated for thousands of years, many beliefs and theories have arisen around it. For example, in Greek culture it was believed that marigolds were a symbol of the sunalthough in many cultures it was credited with the ability to eliminate negative thoughts or help wishes come true.

Characteristics of this plant

A wide variety of marigolds can be found, so their height also varies greatly from one specimen to another. It can have a minimum height of 15 centimeters and a maximum height of more than one meter.. Its flowers are yellow and orange, and its oval-shaped leaves are rich green and can reach lengths of up to 10 centimeters. The flowering phase of calendula is quite long, starting in early spring and continuing until winter, since this plant tolerates very well low temperatures down to 2 or 3 degrees below zero. It is because of its lush and colorful flowering, as well as its low-maintenance nature, that calendula is the most valued plant in gardening.

Types of marigolds

Currently You can find up to 20 different types of this flower., most with showy flowers whose petals are colored yellow, orange and red. Among the most famous and cultivated species of marigolds are:

The height of marigolds varies greatly and can reach up to a meter.The height of marigolds varies greatly and can reach up to a meter.
  • African marigolds: It is also known as American marigold and has a stem that can grow up to a meter in height. Its flowers are also quite large in size and round in shape, colored in colors such as yellow, orange or beige.
  • French marigolds: This variety has a height of 15 to 50 centimeters, and its flowers are double, with petals growing in the shape of a brush, like African marigolds. Its shades can range from yellow, gold, orange or red.
  • Triploid marigolds: This variety is a mixture of African marigolds and French marigolds. So when it comes to hybrid speciesIt is very difficult to establish a pattern of certain colors.
  • Mexican marigolds: It is characterized by an aniseed aroma when its petals break. Like French marigolds, Mexican marigolds can also reach heights of up to a meter, although their flowers are quite small and do not exceed 2 centimeters.

Basic care

Calendula This is not a plant that requires constant attention., so it is ideal for those people who have little time to spend on maintaining their garden or for those who are new to the world of gardening. When it comes to planting, this can be done from a flowering mature specimen or from seed, and you can do it either in the garden or in a pot. The best time to do this is spring or fall, but always make sure the plant is placed in an area where it gets direct sunlight.

Watering should be done moderatelyWatering should be done moderately

To plant calendula from seeds, you will have to start by finding a suitable bed or pot, since it must have holes in the lower part for water drainage. You should then fill the hole with substrate and water until the soil is slightly moist but not waterlogged, and then place 1 or 2 seeds in each bed, slightly separated from each other. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of substrate, and then water again from the sprayer. Finally, place the bed in a location where it receives direct sunlight and water regularly. Approximate germination time is 1 or 2 seeds.and when the plant is already 5 centimeters high and can be transplanted into a pot.

As for watering calendula, it should be moderate to prevent waterlogging of the soil, with regularity of 2 weeks in the summer. On the contrary, in the cold months watering will not be required more than 2-3 times. In terms of substrate, this is not a very demanding plant, but you will always have to ensure that the soil has good drainage. The ideal season for fertilizing would be spring and summer with a frequency of about 15 days.. After flowering has finished in early winter, you will need to prune your calendula to get it strong again. To do this, you will simply have to remove the dead branches and change the soil if it is planted in a pot. Finally, aphids, whiteflies or night caterpillars are some of the diseases that most commonly affect this plant and should be avoided by taking appropriate measures.

It has become an indispensable ingredient in cosmetics.It has become an indispensable ingredient in cosmetics.

Properties of marigolds

This plant is not only used for garden decoration and on plates or paintings when its flowers are dry, but certain health benefits have also been recognized which have made it an important ingredient in cosmetics. For example, when used externally, it can be very beneficial for the skin, helping with the healing and healing of wounds and cuts, for example. And for Its antibacterial, anti-inflammatory properties and soothing effect are often used for bites, burns and fungi.. Another way to consume it is as an infusion, boiling dry or fresh petals with a little water to use as a digestive aid or to detoxify the body.

Leave a Comment