What is a camcorder and how does it work?

video camera There is an electronic device that records our movements, which can then be watched like a movie.

However, when even a mirrorless or DSLR camera can take great videos these days, is a camcorder really useful?

Not only that, but today’s camera phones are also capable of taking great video, so are video recorders or hand-held cameras from a few years ago bad for video recording?

It’s not that the era of the Camcorder or the Handycam is over, but yes, it’s definitely shortened a lot.

Some special industries like film, media, advertising, event management, wedding etc. depend on video and hence professional video cameras are used here.

Here we will talk about how a video camera works and how it differs from a webcam and a digital still camera.

If you’re also interested in video production, after reading this post you’ll know whether you should buy a dedicated video camera or whether a regular digital camera is better.

Well, what are you waiting for, before moving forward, subscribe to Yatragraphy and get such information always.

What is a video camera? What is camcorder in Hindi?

what is a video camera

A video camera is a device that captures motion (an optical signal) and converts it into an electronic signal.

Video camera = Image sensor + lens system

The thing to note here is that a professional video camera cannot record like a camcorder.

For recording, a separate device is installed in the video camera that can store the electronic signal via tape, hard disk or SD memory card.

However, some new camcorder models these days come with built-in recording tools.

Do you know what video camera is called in Hindi?

In Hindi, a video camera is a device for recording visible images.

What is video camera called in Hindi? Is the camcorder in Hindi?

A video camera is called in Hindi – film production device or film box.

How to use a video camera? What is the use of a video camera?

The main use of a video camera is to make pictures move and sound.

Yes, that’s why video is also called cinema, because such cameras speed up pictures through electronic means so that it resembles normal life.

Some advanced cameras can capture 4K photos along with video.

It is commonly used to record movies and TV shows for rebroadcasting to a mass audience.

Nowadays, every type of digital camera and smartphone offers good video features.

How does a video camera work? Camcorder parts and their functions?

how does a video camera work
Singh, Paramvir. (2018). The principle of operation of the video camera. 10.13140/RG.2.2.19752.06402.

Check out this picture of a camera that captures video, showing its parts.

Now we will talk about them one by one and find out how they work.

1. Objective lenses

This lens is similar to the lens seen on a common digital camera, and its primary function is to focus the light inside the camera.

Inside the lens is a small hole called an aperture through which you can control the light.

You can also attach a separate lens to a professional video camera, but most, including webcams, come with a built-in lens system.

Just like a DSLR, you can change the aperture, shutter speed, and ISO on it, and the camcorder’s autofocus system is also good.

2. Beam Splitter Beam splitter

This is a type of prism that changes the light passing through the lens into seven colors.

Behind the beam splitter is a filter that filters out only red (R), green (G) and blue (B) from these seven colors and sends them to the sensor.

3. Sensor Sensor

CCD sensor Sony camera
User: Andrzej_w_k_2, CCD SONY ICX493AQA sensor side, CC BY 4.0

The sensor used in a video camera is different from a normal digital camera.

Regardless of the type of camera sensor, its function is the same – to convert light into charge, that is, into electronic signals.

What type of sensor is used in a DSLR or Mirrorless camera?

CMOS-CA complementary metal oxide semiconductor

What type of sensor is used in a video camera?

CCD-CHarge connected device

4. Viewfinder Viewfinder

On the back of your digital camera, you will have a screen that shows you what the camera is seeing at the time.

A similar screen is available on video-only cameras.

With the help of the viewfinder, you can create your scene better.

Most camcorders and webcams have built-in viewfinders, but some professional cameras have separate ones.

This viewfinder also has the option of installing a separate microphone.

video camera viewfinder

5. Storage device Storage device

Many video-only cameras do not have built-in memory, and a separate memory device can be connected to them via a cable.

There were some types of storage that are now almost extinct, such as tape and CD.

Today, hard drives, flash drives and memory cards are used.

What is the difference between a video camera and a digital camera? Videography and digital camera differences

Camcorders and digital cameras

A few years ago, we could say that the biggest difference between a camcorder and a VCR was the recording medium, but that’s no longer the case.

A separate memory device had to be built into a separate camcorder, whereas it was built into a camcorder or Handycam.

Also, a Handycam or Camcorder can take pictures that camcorders can’t, but the picture quality is very low.

You can find entry-level camcorders for less than a DSLR, but a camera capable of professional video capture can be quite expensive.


  • Camcorder/Handycam/Video camera is used for video only.
  • Digital cameras (such as DSLRs. Mirrorless point and shoot) are primarily used for photos, but they can also shoot great videos.

Digital camera and video camera

feature Camcorder / Camcorder / Handycam Digital Camera (DSLR/Mirrorless)
sensor size Small (0.28 cm2, Large (2.25 -8.6 cm2 ,
video quality Excellent (ordinary in low light) Simple except for some high-end cameras
magnification Zoom range (10 – 80X) and smooth zoom Zoom depends on the lens, but not smooth zoom
audio quality With excellent stereo sound and wind noise reduction simple voice
photo quality Normal (some professional camcorders do not have a capture function) great
Video recording feature With dozens of amazing video capture features Basic video features except for some high-end cameras
Video FPS and Bitrate High FPS and Bitrate video Normal FPS and bitrate except for some high-end cameras
video autofocus great Simple except for some high-end cameras
sound while typing no sound The sound of the lens motor during focusing and zooming is recorded on video.
recording time No limit (like storage space) Fixed (up to a maximum of 60 minutes)
8K video support Most camcorders support 8K video Currently limited to 4K
manual control Limited full manual control
external connection Excellent – the ability to install a separate microphone, viewfinder and many accessories Limited
video stabilization great Most cameras do not have this feature
ergonomics Great simple
market presence everything is fine Great
Battery large and long-term Mirrorless Camera – Low, DSLR – Normal
Background blur feature Only on high-end camcorders This possibility is available by installing a large aperture lens
overheating during video recording No Yes (this stops the camera midstream)
Cost Expensive except for some basic cameras available at all prices

Digital camera, video camera or smartphone – what to choose?

Over time, the use of handycams has decreased significantly as digital cameras and smartphones have also started capturing high-quality videos.

Looking at the table above, you can guess which feature is important to you and which of videography and photography interests you more.

If you are interested in photography and sometimes make videos, then this is for you still camera better.

Shooting simple and everyday videos and uploading them to social networks smartphone camera This is the best.

Let’s say you need to shoot a video that requires more time, such as an event, wedding, documentary or interview. Special video camera better.

The operation and ergonomics of a video camera are also simpler than those of a digital camera.

Well, today there are many options for shooting videos, and one of them is the GoPro camera, whose stability is second to none.

In my opinion, if you are not doing any professional or dedicated video shooting, then a smartphone, digital camera, or action camera is best for you.

Let us know in the comments how you liked this interview and what other information you want in the field of videography?

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